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The drug biseptol, generically known as trimethoprim, is an antibiotic used lớn treat infections caused by bacteria. Trimethoprim is available as 100mg or 480mg tablets. The information provided below is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist before deciding lớn use a medication.

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1. What are the effects of trimethoprim?

Trimethoprim is an antibiotic used lớn treat bacterial infections. The drug works by stopping the growth of bacteria. This antibiotic is only used lớn treat bacterial infections. Medicines will not be effective against viral infections (eg, common cold, flu). Unnecessary use or overuse of any antibiotic can lead lớn a decrease in its effectiveness.
This medicine may also be used lớn treat certain lung infections (Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) and lớn prevent kidney infections for some patients.
Some other effects of the drug that are not listed on the approved drug label, but your doctor may prescribe you lớn take. You can only use this medicine lớn treat certain other conditions when prescribed by your doctor.

2. Adult dosage of trimethoprim

Dosage for people with urinary tract infections
Acute uncomplicated infections: You take 100mg every 12 hours or 200mg every 24 hours for 10 days. Prophylaxis against cystitis: You take 100mg before going lớn bed for 6 weeks lớn 6 months. Dosage for Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia In HIV-infected patients: 15mg/kg/day in 3 divided doses (additional 100mg daily) for 21 days. Trimethoprim with dapsone is recommended Alternative treatment for mild lớn moderate Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia.

Nhiễm trùng phổi

Trimethoprim được sử dụng vô chữa trị một trong những căn bệnh nhiễm trùng phổi

3. Dosage of trimethoprim for children

Dosage for children with otitis media:
Acute infections: Children 6 months and older: give your child 5 mg/kg every 12 hours for 10 days.
Dosage for children with urinary tract infections:
Acute uncomplicated infections:
Children 12 lớn 18 years old: you give your child 100mg every 12 hours or 200mg every 24 hours for 10 days. Children from 2 months lớn under 12 years old: 2-3 mg/kg every 12 hours for 10 days.

trẻ nốc thuốc

Liều uống thuốc trimethoprim cho tới trẻ nhỏ cần thiết vâng lệnh trúng hướng đẫn của chưng sĩ

4. How lớn take trimethoprim

You measure the dose carefully with the medicine spoon/medicine cup. Take this medicine on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal as directed by your doctor. The medicine can be taken with food if you have an upset stomach. Dosage is based on your medical condition and adaptation lớn treatment.
Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in the body toàn thân is kept at a steady level. So take your medicine at regular intervals and keep taking it until you have taken the full prescribed amount, even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping medication too soon causes bacteria lớn continue lớn grow, which can lead lớn recurrent infections. Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens after several days.

Stop taking the medicine and get medical attention immediately if you have any signs of an allergic reaction such as: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat.
Serious side effects such as:
Fever, chills, body toàn thân aches, flu symptoms, sores in the mouth and throat; pale skin, easy bruising, unusual bleeding (in the nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red spots under the skin; elevated potassium levels (slow heart rate, weak pulse, muscle weakness, numbness); Severe headache with muscle cramps, confusion, weakness, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady, weak or shallow breathing. Other common side effects include:
Abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea; Pain or swelling of the tongue; Mild itching or skin rash. This is not a complete list of side effects, and others may occur, but are not covered due lớn their prevalence. If you have any questions about side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

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6. Before taking trimethoprim, what should you pay attention to?

Before taking the medicine, you should tell your doctor or pharmacist if:
You are pregnant or breast-feeding. You need lớn take the medicine prescribed by your doctor in this case; You are allergic lớn any of the ingredients; you are taking other medicines (including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, herbs and supplements); You plan lớn give the medicine lớn children or the elderly; You have or have had a medical condition.

7. Things lớn keep in mind when taking drugs in special cases (pregnancy, lactation, surgery, ...)

Currently, there are not enough studies lớn determine the risks of taking this medicine during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Before taking medication, always consult with your doctor lớn weigh the benefits and risks.

8. What drugs can interact with trimethoprim?

The medicine may change how other medicines you are taking work or increase the effects of side effects. To avoid drug interactions, it's best lớn write down a list of all the medications you're taking (including prescription, over-the-counter, herbal and dietary supplements) and show them lớn your doctor or pharmacist.
To ensure safety when taking the drug, you tự not arbitrarily take the drug, stop or change the dose of the drug without the permission of the doctor.
Drugs that can interact with trimethoprim include:

STT Tên thuốc STT Tên thuốc STT Tên thuốc
1 Bepridil 21 Benazepril 41 Erythromycin
2 Cisapride 22 Bretylium 42 Flecainide
3 Dofetilide 23 Candesartan Cilexetil 43 Fluconazole
4 Levomethadyl 24 Captopril 44 Fluoxetine
5 Mesoridazine 25 Chloral Hydrate 45 Foscarnet
6 Pimozide 26 Chloroquine 46 Fosinopril
7 Terfenadine 27 Chlorpromazine 47 Gemifloxacin
8 Thioridazine 28 Clarithromycin 48 Halofantrine
9 Acecainide 29 Desipramine 49 Haloperidol
10 Ajmaline 30 Dibenzepin 50 Halothane
11 Amiloride 31 Disopyramide 51 Hydroquinidine
12 Amiodarone 32 Dolasetron 52 Ibutilide
13 Amisulpride 33 Doxepin 53 Imipramine
14 Amitriptyline 34 Droperidol 54 Irbesartan
15 Amoxapine 35 Eltrombopag 55 Isoflurane
16 Aprindine 36 Enalapril 56 Isradipine
17 Arsenic Trioxide 37 Enalaprilat 57 Leucovorin
18 Astemizole 38 Enflurane 58 Lidoflazine
19 AzilsartanMedoxomil 39 Eplerenone 59 Lisinopril
20 Azimilide 40 Eprosartan 60 Lorcainide
61 Losartan 71 Pirmenol 81 Risperidone
62 Mefloquine 72 Prajmaline 82 Sematilide
63 Mercaptopurine 73 Probucol 83 Sertindole
64 Methotrexate 74 Procainamide 84 Sotalol
65 Moexipril 75 Prochlorperazine 85 Spiramycin
66 Nortriptyline 76 Propafenone 86 Spironolactone
67 Octreotide 77 Pyrimethamine 87 Sultopride
68 OlmesartanMedoxomil 78 Quinapril 88 Tedisamil
69 Pentamidine 79 Quinidine 89 Telithromycin
70 Perindopril Erbumine 80 Ramipril 90 Telmisartan
91 Trandolapril 97 Zofenopril 103 Fosphenytoin
92 Triamterene 98 Zotepine 104 Phenytoin
93 Trifluoperazine 99 Amantadine 105 Repaglinide
94 Trimipramine 100 Anisindione 106 Rosiglitazone
95 Valsartan 101 Didanosine 107 Tolbutamide
96 Vasopressin 102 Digoxin

9. What foods and drinks can drugs interact with?

Food, alcohol and tobacco can interact with certain drugs. Consult your doctor about taking your medicine with food, alcohol and tobacco.

10. What medical conditions affect trimethoprim?

Your medical condition may affect the use of this medicine. Tell your doctor if you have any health problems, especially:
Anemia: patients with anemia are at increased risk of side effects affecting the blood; Kidney disease: patients with kidney disease may be at higher risk of side effects; Liver disease: Patients with liver disease may be at increased risk of side effects.

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11. How lớn store trimethoprim

You should store at room temperature, avoid humid places and protect from light. Do not store in the bathroom or in the freezer. Remember that each medicine may have different storage methods. Therefore, carefully read the storage instructions on the packaging or ask the pharmacist. Keep medicine out of reach of children and pets.
You should not throw unused medicine down the toilet or plumbing unless asked lớn tự sánh. Instead, dispose of medication properly when it is past its expiration date or unusable. You can consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how lớn safely dispose of your medication.

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